WASHINGTON – The United States and China should be able to agree on energy cooperation projects that reduce greenhouse gases and lead to a successful outcome at international climate talks in Copenhagen in December, two U.S. climate insiders said Tuesday.
Former Sen. Timothy Wirth of Colorado, who’s been meeting with climate negotiators from other countries in his role as the director of the United Nations Foundation, said the two countries won’t agree on how much each side should cut emissions and shouldn’t get bogged down trying. Instead, he said, they should talk about energy efficiency, renewable energy, new possibilities for shale gas and other areas of cooperation.
“There’s a whole menu where the U.S. and China together can agree without getting into the almost ideological-purity discussion of who reduces how much,” Wirth said. “Let’s grab those opportunities and make those the core of the Copenhagen outcome.”
Sen. John Kerry, D-Mass., said the United States and China “are really going to set the tone for the international climate change dialogue. The crucial question is can we together forge a partnership that’s capable of acting boldly enough to prevent a climate catastrophe.”
Kerry said he was “very hopeful” the two countries would soon announce some agreements.
Kerry said that because China is still a developing country _ with “very big emissions in some places, but . . . (a) huge portion of the population living on less than $1 a day” _ it can make emissions reductions “on a different level from the United States, as we have agreed in prior meetings, but it must be measurable, reportable and verifiable.”
The United States, the developed world’s largest source of greenhouse gas emissions, and China, the biggest source in the developing world, together contribute about 40 percent of global warming pollution. The two countries have been meeting to try to find common ground before the international talks.
The U.N. negotiations leading up to that meeting have been difficult, marked by the same rhetoric of the past nearly two decades, U.S. climate negotiator Todd Stern said on Capitol Hill last week. Three meetings are planned this week and next to try to boost prospects _ a Major Economies Forum for Energy and Climate in Washington; a meeting of Group of 20 finance ministers in Pittsburgh; and a special climate session of the U.N. General Assembly.
Also Tuesday, the Obama administration announced a long-expected step to reduce emissions from transportation. Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Lisa Jackson and Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood on Tuesday proposed tougher standards for national fuel economy, with an average standard of 35.5 mpg by 2016.
President Barack Obama announced the higher national fuel economy standards in May. California had led the charge among states to get automakers to raise the standards, while automakers had insisted on a national standard, arguing that it would be impossible to comply with different state rules.
While the new rules are likely to make vehicles slightly more expensive in the short run, Jackson said that over the life of a 2016 model year vehicle, owners would save at least $3,000 in lower fuel costs. She said the emissions reductions would be equivalent to taking 42 million cars off the road.
The Obama administration also would like Congress to finish a bill on energy and climate before the Copenhagen negotiations, but that’s far from certain. Support in the Senate is in doubt, and debate won’t even begin until after health care revamp wraps up.